Valvular Heart Disease Clinic


TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement)

What is Aortic Stenosis?

The aortic valve is located at the junction of the left ventricle, the main pumping chamber of the heart, to the aorta, the largest artery of the body, responsible for blood distribution to all organs. Aortic stenosis is the narrowing of the valve due to calcium accumulation with age. It results in reduced blood flow to the body and increased strain on the left ventricle. Ultimately, this leads to symptoms including shortness of breath, chest pain and passing-out. If untreated, severe aortic stenosis can lead to death in up to 50 percent of patients. The traditional treatment of aortic stenosis is open-heart surgery with surgical aortic valve replacement.

What is TAVR?

TAVR (Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement) is an alternative treatment option for aortic stenosis. A stent-based tissue valve mounted on a balloon catheter is inserted via a small groin incision. The new valve is advanced inside the native malfunctioning aortic valve and is deployed, pushing aside the old valve. The procedure is performed in the presence of an interventional cardiologist, a cardiac surgeon and a specialized anesthesiologist at a state-of-the-art hybrid operating room at the Pepin Heart Institute, Florida Hospital in Tampa. TAVR is a non-surgical  option which is less invasive than conventional surgery. It improves survival, symptoms and quality of life. 


MitraClip (Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair)

What is Mitral Insufficiency or Regurgitation?

The mitral valve is located at the junction of the left atrium, the heart chamber receiving oxygenated blood from the lungs, and the left ventricle, the main pumping chamber of the heart. Mitral insufficiency or regurgitation (MR) is the leaking of valve due to previous heart attack, mitral valve prolapse, calcium accumulation or enlarged heart. It results in backflow to the lungs and decreased forward flow to vital organs of the body. Ultimately, it leads to worsening shortness of breath, fatigue and need for repeated hospitalizations. The traditional treatment of aortic stenosis is open-heart surgery with surgical aortic valve replacement.

What is Mitra Clip?

MitraClip (Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair) is an alternative treatment option for mitral insufficiency. A metallic clip is inserted via a small groin incision. The clip is advanced to the leaking valve and it staples the leaking leaflets together.

The procedure is performed in the presence of an interventional cardiologist, a cardiac surgeon and a specialized anesthesiologist at a state-of-the-art hybrid operating room at the Pepin Heart Institute, Florida Hospital in Tampa. MitraClip is a non-surgical option which is less invasive than conventional surgery. It improves survival, symptoms and quality of life.