What is Coronary artery disease? Coronary artery disease is a disease in which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen rich blood to your heart muscle. When plaque builds up in these arteries, is it called coronary atherosclerosis. When significant atherosclerosis occurs in the arteries, it can cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, or other symptoms that can be warning signs of significant blockage. These signs can indicate an impending heart attack. Interventional cardiology is the aspect of cardiology that helps treat these blockages.
Angiogram / Heart Catheterization
What is it?
A specialized test done under X-ray, that uses contrast media, that allows your doctor to see the blood flow through the coronary arteries of your heart. Based on the findings of this test, your doctor is able to determine if further management is needed like coronary angioplasty or coronary stents.
What is it?
Also known as Percutaneous Intervention (PCI) –
is a non-surgical procedure that can improve blood flow to the heart when a person has coronary artery disease.
What are they?
Coronary stents can be placed during a heart catheterization. There are two types of commonly used coronary stents, one is known as a bare-metal stent and the other is known as a drug-eluding stent.